Climate Change threatens Mental Health too: Study
Flooding, drought and superstorms boosted by climate change are not only poised to ravage human habitats but mental health as well, according to Australian researchers.
"The damage caused by a changing climate is not just physical," they said in a report released this week by the Brain and Mind Institute at the University of Sydney.
"Recent experience shows extreme weather events also pose a serious risk to public health, including mental health and wellbeing, with serious flow-on consequences for the economy and wider society."
Scientists still lack the tools to directly link a given weather episode
to long-term climate patterns, but mounting temperatures and
increasingly frequent disasters worldwide suggest that global warming
has already begun to exert a magnifying impact.
The overall pace of measurable changes has in many cases tracked or
exceeded worst-case scenarios laid out in 2007 by experts in the United
Nation's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
The new 30-page study focuses on Australia, hit in recent years by a
devastating drought -- known as "The Big Dry" -- along with severe fires
Together, these events claimed many lives and caused billions of dollars
Up to now, however, few efforts have been made to assess the
psychological impact of climate change-enhanced weather events, which in
Australia have destroyed communities, farms and businesses.
In poorer countries with less capacity to absorb such shocks, the
consequences on mental health are likely to be even greater, the report
"The emerging burden of climate-related impacts on community morale and
mental health -- bereavement, depression, post-event stress disorders,
and the tragedy of self-harm -- is large," noted Tony McMichael, a
professor at Australian National University, in introducing the study.
Statistics from Australia show higher rates of drug and alcohol abuse,
violence, family breakups and suicide after extreme weather events, with
impacts more pronounced in rural and semi-rural areas according to the
"Evidence is emerging that drought and heat waves lead to rates of
self-harm and suicide as much as eight percent higher" when annual
rainfall is at least 300 millimetres below average, it said.
Children in particular are vulnerable to pre-disaster anxiety and
post-trauma illness, the researchers noted.
This is due not only to direct exposure of life-threatening situations
and dislocation from family and community supports, but also to "the
reality of living with long term threat," noted Ian Hickie, director of
the Brain and Mind Research Institute.
Climate change will also render already stressful conflicts over
resource use, especially for water, even more volatile, he added.
Agence France Presse
Tue, 30 Aug 2011 12:19:00 GMT
Copyright Agence France-Presse, 2011 All reproduction and presentation